A comprehensive list of the recent developments on gender equality in Greece initiated by the General Secretariat for Family Policy and Gender Equality (G.S.F.P.G.E.), i.e. the governmental organization in charge of equality between women and men.
For your own convenience, all the material is in English and the list includes a short description of each item followed by the appropriate link for further details.
A. Legislative measures for the advancement of the status of women in decision making
1) “Legislation on quota in favour of women’s participation in economic decision making”
The composition of the management board of all companies registered at the Athens Stock Exchange must take the issue of gender balance into consideration through the adoption of 25% for the under-represented gender/sex:
2) “Legislation on quota in favour of women’s participation in decision making in sports”
In relation to the composition of the management board of the sports clubs, the number of candidates from each gender/sex must be at least equal to the 1/3 of the number of the vacant seats for election, including the seat of the president/head of the management board: https://eurogender.eige.europa.eu/posts/greek-legislation-quota-favour-women%E2%80%99s-participation-decision-making-sports .
B. Prevention and Response to Violence Against Women and Domestic Violence during the movement restriction due to the pandemic of the Covid-19 in Greece
“Analysis of gender-based violence data from the Network of Structures and the SOS Hotline 15900 (March 2020-April 2020)”: http://www.isotita.gr/en/bimonthly-report-newsletter-gsfpge-march-april-2020/ .
The G.S.F.P.G.E. acknowledges that home quarantine and movement restrictions aimed at minimizing the spread of the coronavirus, resulted in domestic violence being more frequent, more serious, and more dangerous for women and their children. Many women found themselves in a dangerous situation, with the pandemic being a perfect storm for controlling them and increasing isolation with violent husbands/partners, behind closed doors, separating them from the people and resources that can best help them.
The COVID-19 pandemic highlights gender inequality in all its forms, with serious consequences in women’s health, their rights and freedoms worldwide. In addition, it is worth noting the direct and indirect consequences of quarantine to all women and girls in Greece, with a particular emphasis on vulnerable groups in our community, such as refugee and migrant women, women living in poverty, women with disabilities, single mothers, low-skilled women workers, etc.
C. Recent Projects implemented by the General Secretariat for Family Policy and Gender Equality
1) “Addressing the gender pension gap in Greece”
The “PEGASUS: Addressing the Gender Pension in Greece” Project: its main objective is to reinforce existing knowledge on all dimensions of the gender pension gap in Greece in order to contribute to the development of policies and other initiatives that will effectively address gender gaps in pensions - http://sintaxi.isotita.gr/?page_id=70&lang=en .
The highlight of the project is the on-line pension calculator, an app designed to help employees calculate their future pension roughly based on their current employment data and/or their estimates of their future employment. The “On-line Pension Calculator” is addressed to men and women and only takes into account the general pension eligibility and pension calculation rules and does not concern specific provisions for specific categories of insured persons. The assessment is based on the Law 4387/2016, it is indicative and under no circumstances is binding on the competent bodies for the award of pensions: http://sintaxi.isotita.gr/?page_id=245&lang=en .
More information: http://sintaxi.isotita.gr/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/Information-about-foreign-citizens.pdf and http://www.isotita.gr/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/Synopsis-Policy-proposals.pdf .
2) “Gender Public Debate: recognize, address and prevent gender discrimination in public debates”
It is common knowledge that the media, through their dialectical relationship with the public, reproduce dominant narratives about gender, politics and social reality. In particular, research findings suggest that gender representations in advertisements, social messages, TV series, broadcasts etc. tend to reproduce stereotypical perceptions of femininity (the supposed ‘natural’ mission of women as a mother and a wife) that do not only ignore but work against the real experiences and needs of women and undermine women’s emancipation, autonomy and inclusion in the public sphere, participation in decision-making etc.
Moreover, when it comes to public and political debates, sexist remarks, unbalanced and unfair media coverage of gender issues significantly impact not only the opportunities of individual candidates (especially female ones) but also the public’s understanding of electoral stakes and the gender balance of the electoral results.
The project “Capacity building for women candidates and media stakeholders in public debates in Greece (GENDER_PUBLIC DEBATE)” has been designed to address these issues and to achieve the general objective of reinforcing the capacity of Greek female politicians and candidates in the public sphere as well as media stakeholders (journalists, media studies students, bloggers) to recognize, address and prevent gender discrimination in public debates:
3) “The SURVIVOR Project: Enhancing services for refugee and migrant GBV survivors”
Women who are in the process of refugee and migration are more likely to be subjected to violent situations and often have fewer opportunities to defend themselves. Among other things, this increased vulnerability is due to the fact that many women and girls are unaware of their rights, are unable to inform themselves or are socially isolated.
The objectives of the SURVIVOR project are to enhance the quality and access of services for refugee and migrant GBV survivors in Greece and strengthen GBV programming through transnational dialogue and sharing GBV best practices, resources and tools in Greece and Europe.
The Survivor Website is an online resources tools being developed by the IRC, Hellas within the SURVIVOR project frame, to provide toolkits and other resources to agencies and practitioners in Europe supporting the integration and resettlement of refugees. Illustrative website topic areas include interpretation and language access, service delivery, community engagement and integration, economic empowerment, and psychosocial support. The resources and toolkits will draw on evidence-based practices from Europe and other countries as well as decades of experience supporting refugee resettlement in EU. Resource development and learning opportunities will focus on topics and issues that are pertinent to multiple European contexts with an emphasis on transferrable lessons learned and best practices: https://www.gbvsurvivor.gr/?lang=en .
4) “The EMPOWER REF Project: Empowering professional and refugee communities to detect, identify, address and prevent sexual and gender based violence in Greece”
The project aims to improve the knowledge and understanding of the qualitative features of sexual and gender based violence within the refugee population in Greece as well as to increase the capacity of professionals and case workers in camps and the ESTIA accommodation scheme to detect, identify, address and prevent SGBV.
Physical and/or sexual violence is an acute problem in refugee populations, where women, children and other vulnerable groups (LGBTI) are exposed to increased risks of gender-based violence (WHO). SGBV is a horizontal issue of concern both at entry points and refugee camps but also in the context of the ‘new’ urban accommodation structures and schemes in the course of implementation (UNHCR scheme and the EC Emergency Support to Integration & Accommodation' ESTIA programme) that supports refugees and asylum seekers and their families to rent urban accommodation: https://empowerref.gr/en/home/ .
D. The gender aspect of the Greek Presidency of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe (May-November 2020)
On-line High-Level Seminar on 21-10-2020 “Advancing Gender Equality: The role and situation for gender equality mechanisms in the context of COVID-19”:
Institutional mechanisms for the advancement of women and of gender equality are central to support public policies in this area and to ensure sustainable progress. For many years, the Council of Europe has been promoting and implementing a double approach to gender equality involving, on the one hand, specific policies and measures to promote gender equality, and on the other, a gender mainstreaming strategy.
The seminar will:
- examine the gendered consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic and the role of institutional mechanisms to limit the negative consequences of this crisis;
- look at promising practices at the national and international levels, and by civil society;
- provide a platform to discuss solutions to strengthen institutional mechanisms and gender mainstreaming: