Greece has been ranked on the top of the World Bank’s list on Women, Business and the Law 2022.
Women, Business and the Law 2022 is the eighth in a series of annual studies by the World Bank measuring the laws and regulations that affect women's economic opportunity in 190 economies. The project presents eight indicators structured around women's interactions with the law as they move through their careers: Mobility, Workplace, Pay, Marriage, Parenthood, Entrepreneurship, Assets, and Pension. Amid a global pandemic that threatens progress toward gender equality, Women, Business and the Law 2022 identifies barriers to women's economic participation and encourages reform of discriminatory laws. The indicators build evidence of the critical relationship between legal gender equality and women's employment and entrepreneurship. Data in the study are current as of October 1, 2021.
Ten EU Member States, including Greece, have been ranked on the top, as it is clearly stated on page 14 of the printed edition (text in italics):
“Up from 10 in 2020, 12 economies—Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Latvia, Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain, and Sweden—score 100, meaning that women are on an equal legal standing with men across all of the areas measured”.
This progress for Greece has been attributed to the new legislation on work-life balance and protection against violence and harassment at work. The new labor law of the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs L.4808/2021 incorporates into national law the Directive (EU) 2019/1158 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2019 on the work-life balance for parents and carers. The aim is to share family responsibilities between men and women equally and to facilitate women to remain in the labor market after having children or in parallel to their family responsibilities.
As it is clearly stated on pages 20 and 29 of the printed edition of the study (text in italics),
- “Colombia, Georgia, Greece, and Spain introduced paid parental leave”
- “In the past year, Colombia, Georgia, Greece, and Spain introduced paid parental leave”.
Further details on the specific legislation can be found in the article uploaded on the EIGE’s Eurogender platform on 7-7-2021 entitled “Greece’s new labor law for work-life balance and protection against violence and harassment at work”: