Hello to all of you. Just joined the discussion and read all of your comments that are quite interesting. I am sure, of course, that the issue of sexual harassment cannot be ‘addressed’ in any country in a simple way since legislation, procedures and, most importantly, attitudes of both men and women need to change while the results of such change will be only visible in the long term.
In my opinion, sexual harassment shows, above all, how power relations between men and women are built– women are much more likely to be the victims of sexual harassment precisely because they lack power, are in more vulnerable and insecure positions, lack self confidence, or have been socialized to suffer in silence. And further, violence by men against women exists in many settings and not just in politics.
The issue with politics is that the hostility toward women is closely related to male attitudes about the “proper” politician, who definitely needs to be a man since he can only reach the standards of this position: he has the ‘masculinity’, the ‘disposition’, the ‘power’ and the ‘time’ to do it. All of these, of course, are socially framed and coded while, on the contrary, women have to undertake a more traditional role: in the domestic sphere just caring for home and children.